I visited Moldova before 2 years back and I learned a lot from there like officially the Republic of Moldova is a landlocked that is a country entirely enclosed by land, or whose only coastlines lies on closed sea country in Eastern Europe located. Between Romania to the west and Ukraine to the north, east, and south. Historically, being landlocked having more disadvantageous position. It cuts the whole part of the country from sea resources such as fishing, but more concerned is that it cuts off direct access to seaborne trade which provides a large percentage of international trade. Landlocked developing countries have particularly higher costs of international cargo transportation as compared to coastal developing countries.
The geography of Moldova
Losing direct access to the sea I had realized that this normally a great disadvantage to a nation, politically, militarily, and particularly with respect to international trade and hence economic security also. Some countries have a long coastline, but many of them may not be readily used for trade and commerce business. Southern parts of Germany, is not landlocked, and eastern parts of Croatia, which is also similar to this only.
The climate of Moldova
The climates of these areas are continental cold and snowy winters, mild springs and autumns, and warm to hot summers. Landlocked Rolling Well surrounded with various sedimentary rocks and minerals including sand, gravel etc.
The Moldovan Government
The Moldovan government has no control on all the regions of Transnistria, so therefore it declared as independent, is self-governing, and therefore a de facto independent country. Though independent from the USSR since 1991, Russian forces have stayed on Moldovan territory east of the Dniester River in support of the Slavic population, mostly Ukrainians and Russians, who have proclaimed a “Transnistria” republic. Moldova, the poorest nation in Europe became the first European (former Soviet) state to elect a communist government and president in 2001.
The current issues of Moldova
If, being a motivated person, you think of coming into Moldova via Ukraine, be aware you may be cross Transnistria. Some buses come from Odessa go through Tiraspol, while other buses go around, exchanging the two border crossings with more time spend on the road itself. It is an unrecognized “state” in the east of Moldova bordering Ukraine, which broke off from the entire country after a war in 1992. As of this year (2010) there are only a few issues for Westerners in crossing Transnistrian borders by buses, although foreign travelers have experienced so many major problems in the past. There is, however, a less chance that foreign tourists may be asked to pay bribes, although the buses which travel between different places like Ukraine, Transnistria and the rest of Moldova usually handle negotiations on the border side well, collecting passports from the people and negotiating with Transnistrian authorities.
Transportation of Moldova
Travelling through train is much cheaper than flying I personally felt it, but about twice the cost of the bus travelling (but arguably more comfortable) the overnight train may be considered a valid and suitable option. There are daily trains travelling from Romania and Ukraine. The journey was ended with great experience.